Items filtered by date: January 2022

Tuesday, 25 January 2022 00:00

Medications for Fungal Toenail Infections

Toenail fungus is extremely common, affecting about 5.5% of adults around the world. This condition can cause the toenails to become brittle, crumbly, discolored, or misshapen. In severe cases, the nails may even begin to separate from the nail bed and emit a foul odor. Treating fungal toenails can be difficult, as it can take a long time before there are visible results. There are various treatment options available, including topical medications that are applied directly to the nail, oral medications that are taken by mouth, and laser treatment. Currently, many podiatrists prescribe a combination of oral and topical treatments. While these medications can be effective, oral medications may cause unwanted side effects, and topical medications are not as effective for severe infections. If you have toenail fungus, it is suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist. 

For more information about treatment, contact Yitzchak Cohen, DPM of Cohen Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.

Antifungals & Deterrence

Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.

Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Lodi, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Wednesday, 19 January 2022 00:00

Why Are My Toenails Ingrown?

Ingrown toenails occur when the edges of a nail grow into the surrounding skin, causing pain, tenderness, redness, and swelling. The most common causes of ingrown toenails are trimming the nails improperly, wearing shoes that are too tight in the toe area, or having an abnormal gait or toe shape. Some people can also be prone to ingrown toenails due to genetic differences in the shape of their toenails. Mild ingrown toenails often heal with at-home treatments, such as putting cotton between the ingrown toenail and skin fold and wearing roomier or open-toed shoes. In cases where the ingrown toenail is severe or the surrounding area becomes infected, surgery may be needed to remove the ingrown nail. If you have painful ingrown toenails, please seek the care of a podiatrist. 

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Yitzchak Cohen, DPM of Cohen Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Lodi, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Have your feet inspected by a professional before starting a new sport or physical activity. Taking charge of your foot health will keep you in good physical condition and can help you avoid a potential injury, such as a fracture or sprained ankle.

Prevent injuries and see a foot specialist.

Feet are a complex collection of bones, joints, and ligaments that takes years to develop fully. Most babies are born with flat feet, but this improves in the first few years of growth, as their bones develop and their muscles get stronger. By around six years of age, arch development is generally normal. When babies are learning to walk, they often turn their toes inward (in-toeing) until the muscles and ligaments develop. This can come from the foot, lower leg or upper leg. Occasionally, toddlers turn their toes outward (out-toeing) when they walk and run. This usually resolves itself as their posture and balance mature. If your child complains of pain, if their in-toeing or out-toeing does not improve or worsens, or if the condition affects only one side of the body, it may be wise to seek the expertise of a podiatrist for a full exam and prognosis. Additionally, if your child limps, trips frequently, develops bunions or ingrown toenails, or has abnormally shaped toes, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist for further examination.

The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact Yitzchak Cohen, DPM of Cohen Foot & Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

  • Make sure their shoes fit properly
  • Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
  • Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
  • Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
  • Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
  • Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
  • Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Lodi, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 04 January 2022 00:00

Ways to Treat Morton’s Neuroma

If you have sharp pain in the area of the foot between the third and fourth toes, you may have Morton's neuroma. Symptoms include feeling a stabbing, burning pain and experiencing numbness or tingling. For many people, non-surgical treatment can ease these symptoms. Probably the most common cause of Morton's neuroma is ill-fitting shoes that have high heels, pointy toes, and are too tight. These can cause nerve damage and subsequent pain. Simply changing to wider, more comfortable shoes with increased cushioning will likely reduce pain. High impact sports, especially running, are another common cause of Morton’s neuroma. It’s a good idea to rest the feet until the nerves recover before continuing such activity. Orthotic inserts in your shoes can help alleviate symptoms. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and corticosteroid or anesthetic injections are more-advanced treatments. Finally, surgical intervention may be indicated in severe cases. This procedure can remove some surrounding tissue or parts of the nerve, helping to widen the inflamed area and relieve pressure that causes pain. For more information on treatment for Morton’s neuroma, please consult a podiatrist who can help you determine the best course of action.

Morton’s neuroma is a very uncomfortable condition to live with. If you think you have Morton’s neuroma, contact Yitzchak Cohen, DPM of Cohen Foot & Ankle. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot care needs and answer any of your related questions.  

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a painful foot condition that commonly affects the areas between the second and third or third and fourth toe, although other areas of the foot are also susceptible. Morton’s neuroma is caused by an inflamed nerve in the foot that is being squeezed and aggravated by surrounding bones.

What Increases the Chances of Having Morton’s Neuroma?

  • Ill-fitting high heels or shoes that add pressure to the toe or foot
  • Jogging, running or any sport that involves constant impact to the foot
  • Flat feet, bunions, and any other foot deformities

Morton’s neuroma is a very treatable condition. Orthotics and shoe inserts can often be used to alleviate the pain on the forefront of the feet. In more severe cases, corticosteroids can also be prescribed. In order to figure out the best treatment for your neuroma, it’s recommended to seek the care of a podiatrist who can diagnose your condition and provide different treatment options.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Lodi, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Morton's Neuroma

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